Under the Terrorism Act 2000, the Home Secretary may proscribe an organisation if they believe it is concerned in terrorism. For the purposes of the Act, this means that it:commits or participates in acts of terrorism; prepares for terrorism; promotes or encourages terrorism (including the unlawful glorification of terrorism); or is otherwise concerned in terrorism.
If the statutory test is met, there are other factors which the Secretary of State will take into account when deciding whether or not to exercise their discretion to proscribe. These criteria are:the nature and scale of an organisation’s activities; the specific threat that it poses to the UK; the specific threat that it poses to British nationals overseas; the extent of the organisation’s presence in the UK; and the need to support other members of the international community in the global fight against terrorism.
Proscription makes it a criminal offence to:belong to or invite support for a proscribed organisation. arrange a meeting in support of a proscribed organisation. wear clothing or carry articles in public which arouse reasonable suspicion that an individual is a member or supporter of the proscribed organisation.
The penalties for proscription offences can be a maximum of 10 years in prison and/or a £5,000
The information about the groups’ aims was given to Parliament when they were proscribed.Abu Nidal Organisation (ANO) Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) Al-Gama’at al-Islamiya (GI) Al Ghurabaa Al Ittihad Al Islamia (AIAI) Al Qa’ida (AQ) Inspired and led by Usama Bin Laden, its aims are the expulsion of Western forces from Saudi Arabia, the destruction of Israel and the end of Western influence in the Muslim world. Al Shabaab Ansar Al Islam (AI) Ansar Al Sunna (AS) Ansarul Muslimina Fi Biladis Sudan (Vanguard for the protection of Muslims in Black Africa) (Ansaru) The aim of the GIA is to create an Islamic state in Algeria using all necessary means, including violence. Asbat Al-Ansar (‘League of Partisans’ or ‘Band of Helpers’) Babbar Khalsa (BK) Basque Homeland and Liberty (Euskadi ta Askatasuna) (ETA) Baluchistan Liberation Army (BLA) BLA are comprised of tribal groups based in the Baluchistan area of Eastern Pakistan, which aims to establish an independent nation encompassing the Baluch dominated areas of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) Groupe Islamique Combattant Marocain (GICM) Hamas Izz al-Din al-Qassem Brigades Harakat-Ul-Jihad-Ul-Islami (HUJI) Harakat-Ul-Jihad-Ul-Islami (Bangladesh) (HUJI-B) Harakat-Ul-Mujahideen/Alami (HuM/A) and Jundallah. Harakat Mujahideen (HM) Hizballah Military Wing Hezb-E Islami Gulbuddin (HIG) Indian Mujahideen (IM) IM aims to establish an Islamic state and implement Sharia law in India using violent means. International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF) ISYF is an organisation committed to the creation of an independent state of Khalistan for Sikhs within India. Islamic Army of Aden (IAA) Islamic Jihad Union (IJU) Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) Jaish e Mohammed (JeM) Jammat-ul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) Jeemah Islamiyah (JI) Khuddam Ul-Islam (Kul) and splinter group Jamaat Ul-Furquan (JuF) Kongra Gele Kurdistan (PKK) Lashkar e Tayyaba (LT) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) Palestinian Islamic Jihad – Shaqaqi (PIJ) Revolutionary Peoples’ Liberation Party – Front (Devrimci Halk Kurtulus Partisi – Cephesi) (DHKP-C) Salafist Group for Call and Combat (Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat) (GSPC) Saved Sect or Saviour Sect Sipah-E Sahaba Pakistan (SSP) (Aka Millat-E Islami Pakistan (MIP) – SSP was renamed MIP in April 2003 but is still referred to as SSP) and splinter group Lashkar-E Jhangvi (LeJ) The aim of both SSP and LeJ is to transform Pakistan by violent means into a Sunni state under the total control of Sharia law. Another objective is to have all Shia declared Kafirs and to participate in the destruction of other religions, notably Judaism, Christianity and Hinduism. Tehrik Nefaz-e Shari’at Muhammadi (TNSM) Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP) Teyre Azadiye Kurdistan (TAK) TAK is a Kurdish terrorist group currently operating in Turkey. (Note: Mujaheddin e Khalq (MeK) was removed from the list of proscribed organisations in June 2008, as a result of judgements of the Proscribed Organisations Appeals Commission and the Court of Appeal).
LIST OF PROSCRIBED NORTHERN IRISH GROUPSContinuity Army Council Cumann na mBan Fianna na hEireann Irish National Liberation Army Irish People’s Liberation Organisation Irish Republican Army Loyalist Volunteer Force Orange Volunteers Red Hand Commando Red Hand Defenders Saor Eire Ulster Defence Association Ulster Freedom Fighters Ulster Volunteer Force Home Office 23 November 2012 And now Britain has its very own homegrown movements….born and fed in Britain. The recent expose by a British publication on the life and hate speeches of Anjem Choudary is a clear indication that “loving hands at Home” have permitted this for reasons best known to the puerile politicians.