From 1995 when The National Crime Records Bureau first began recording suicides by Indian farmers till 2010 the total number of such incidents is 256,913. This does not include unrecorded figures from 1947 to 1994!
The richest State in India, Maharashtra (capital – Mumbai), has the highest number of suicides.
From 2003-2010; 135,756 farmers committed suicide.
The Big 5 i.e. States that top the list: Maharashtra (Mumbai), Karnataka (Bangalore), Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal), Chhattisgarh (Raipur).
Reasons for the suicides:
- 01. Growing expenditure, specially on bought inputs
- 02. Low productivity
- 03. Inadequate prices of agriculture produce
- 04. Difficulties in marketing and marketing hazards
- 05. Natural hazards caused by drought
- 06. Absence of proper crop planning
- 07. Unsatisfactory agriculture credit
- 08. Accumulated burden of debt
Amongst the social causes are :
- 01. The drinking habit which atrophies the productivity of the farmer
- 02. Extravagant expenditure on marriages
- 03. Bad health and illness and inability to meet the necessary expenditure on medicine and health services